The following describes how to set up PPP over ATM (PPPoA). PPPoA is a popular choice among European DSL providers.
PPPoA support for this device is supplied as a port in FreeBSD because the firmware is distributed under Alcatel's license agreement and can not be redistributed freely with the base system of FreeBSD.
Like many USB devices, the Alcatel SpeedTouch™ USB needs to download firmware from the host computer to operate properly. It is possible to automate this process in FreeBSD so that this transfer takes place whenever the device is plugged into a USB port. The following information can be added to the /etc/usbd.conf file to enable this automatic firmware transfer. This file must be edited as the root user.
device "Alcatel SpeedTouch USB" devname "ugen[0-9]+" vendor 0x06b9 product 0x4061 attach "/usr/local/sbin/modem_run -f /usr/local/libdata/mgmt.o"
To enable the USB daemon, usbd, put the following the line into /etc/rc.conf:
It is also possible to set up PPP to dial up at startup. To do this add the following lines to /etc/rc.conf. Again, for this procedure you will need to be logged in as the root user.
ppp_enable="YES" ppp_mode="ddial" ppp_profile="adsl"
For this to work correctly you will need to have used the sample ppp.conf which is supplied with the net/pppoa port.
You can use mpd to connect to a variety of services, in particular PPTP services. You can find mpd in the ports collection, net/mpd. Many ADSL modems require that a PPTP tunnel is created between the modem and computer, one such modem is the Alcatel SpeedTouch Home.
First you must install the port, and then you can configure mpd to suit your requirements and provider settings. The port places a set of sample configuration files which are well documented in PREFIX/etc/mpd/. Note here that PREFIX means the directory into which your ports are installed, this defaults to /usr/local/. A complete guide to configuring mpd is available in HTML format once the port has been installed. It is placed in PREFIX/share/mpd/. Here is a sample configuration for connecting to an ADSL service with mpd. The configuration is spread over two files, first the mpd.conf.
default: load adsl adsl: new -i ng0 adsl adsl set bundle authname username set bundle password password set bundle disable multilink set link no pap acfcomp protocomp set link disable chap set link accept chap set link keep-alive 30 10 set ipcp no vjcomp set ipcp ranges 0.0.0.0/0 0.0.0.0/0 set iface route default set iface disable on-demand set iface enable proxy-arp set iface idle 0 open
The mpd.links file contains information about the link, or links, you wish to establish. An example mpd.links to accompany the above example is given beneath.
adsl: set link type pptp set pptp mode active set pptp enable originate incoming outcall set pptp self 10.0.0.1 set pptp peer 10.0.0.138
It is possible to initialize the connection easily by issuing the following command as root.
# mpd -b adsl
You can see the status of the connection with the following command.
% ifconfig ng0 ng0: flags=88d1<UP,POINTOPOINT,RUNNING,NOARP,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 inet 184.108.40.206 --> 220.127.116.11 netmask 0xffffffff
Using mpd is the recommended way to connect to an ADSL service with FreeBSD.
It is also possible to use FreeBSD to connect to other PPPoA services using net/pptpclient.
To use net/pptpclient to connect to a DSL service, install the port or package and edit your /etc/ppp/ppp.conf. You will need to be root to perform both of these operations. An example section of ppp.conf is given below. For further information on ppp.conf options consult the ppp manual page, ppp(8).
adsl: set log phase chat lcp ipcp ccp tun command set timeout 0 enable dns set authname username set authkey password set ifaddr 0 0 add default HISADDR
Warning: Because you must put your account's password in the ppp.conf file in plain text form you should make sure than nobody can read the contents of this file. The following series of commands will make sure the file is only readable by the root account. Refer to the manuals pages for chmod(1) and chown(8) for further information.# chown root:wheel /etc/ppp/ppp.conf # chmod 600 /etc/ppp/ppp.conf
This will open a tunnel for a PPP session to your DSL router. Ethernet DSL modems have a preconfigured LAN IP address which you connect to. In the case of the Alcatel SpeedTouch Home this address is 10.0.0.138. Your routers documentation should tell you which address your device uses. To open the tunnel and start a ppp session execute the following command.
# pptp address isp
Tip: You may wish to add an ampersand (``&'') to the end of the previous command because pptp will not return your prompt to you otherwise.
A tun virtual tunnel device will be created for interaction between the pptp and ppp processes. Once you have been returned to your prompt, or the pptp process has confirmed a connection you can examine the tunnel like so.
% ifconfig tun0 tun0: flags=8051<UP,POINTOPOINT,RUNNING,MULTICAST> mtu 1500 inet 18.104.22.168 --> 22.214.171.124 netmask 0xffffff00 Opened by PID 918
If you are unable to connect, check the configuration of your router, which is usually accessible via telnet or with a web browser. If you still cannot connect you should examine the output of the pptp command and the contents of the ppp log file, /var/log/ppp.log for clues.
This, and other documents, can be downloaded from ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/doc/.
For questions about FreeBSD, read the documentation before contacting <[email protected]>.
For questions about this documentation, e-mail <[email protected]>.