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The JMS component allows messages to be sent to (or consumed from) a JMS Queue or Topic. The implementation of the JMS Component uses Spring's JMS support for declarative transactions, using Spring's JmsTemplate for sending and a MessageListenerContainer for consuming.

[Warning]For users with Fuse Mediation Router 1.6.1 or older

JMS consumers have a bad default in Fuse Mediation Router 1.6.1 or older. The maxMessagesPerTask is set to 1, whereas it really should be -1. This issue causes Spring to create a new thread after it has processed a message, causing the thread count to rise continuously. You can see this in the log where a new thread name is used. To remedy this, change a route such as:

<from uri="jms:queue:foo"/>

By adding the maxMessagesPerTask option and setting its value to -1, as follows:

<from uri="jms:queue:foo&axMessagesPerTask=-1"/>

This has been fixed in Fuse Mediation Router 1.6.2/2.0.

[Tip]Using ActiveMQ

If you are using Apache ActiveMQ, you should prefer the ActiveMQ component as it has been particularly optimized for ActiveMQ. All of the options and samples on this page are also valid for the ActiveMQ component.

[Warning]Using JMS API 1.0.2

The old JMS API 1.0.2 has been @deprecated in Camel 2.1 and will be removed in Camel 2.2 release. Its no longer provided in Spring 3.0 which we want to be able to support out of the box in Camel 2.2+ releases.

[Important]If you are using ActiveMQ

Note that the JMS component reuses Spring 2's JmsTemplate for sending messages. This is not ideal for use in a non-J2EE container and typically requires some caching in the JMS provider to avoid bad performance. So if you intend to use Apache ActiveMQ as your Message Broker, then we recommend that you either

  • Use the ActiveMQ component, which is already configured to use ActiveMQ efficiently, or

  • Use the PoolingConnectionFactory in ActiveMQ.

If you wish to use durable topic subscriptions, you need to specify both clientId and durableSubscriptionName. Note that the value of the clientId must be unique and can only be used by a single JMS connection instance in your entire network. You may prefer to use Virtual Topics instead to avoid this limitation. More background on durable messaging here.

When using message headers, the JMS specification states that header names must be valid Java identifiers. So, by default, Fuse Mediation Router ignores any headers that do not match this rule. So try to name your headers as if they are valid Java identifiers. One benefit of doing this is that you can then use your headers inside a JMS Selector (whose SQL92 syntax mandates Java identifier syntax for headers).

From Fuse Mediation Router 1.4 onwards, a simple strategy for mapping header names is used by default. The strategy is to replace any dots in the header name with the underscore character and to reverse the replacement when the header name is restored from a JMS message sent over the wire. What does this mean? No more losing method names to invoke on a bean component, no more losing the filename header for the File Component, and so on.

The current header name strategy for accepting header names in Fuse Mediation Router is as follows:

  • Replace all dots with underscores (for example, org.apache.camel.MethodName becomes org_apache_camel_MethodName).

  • Test if the name is a valid java identifier using the JDK core classes.

  • If the test success, the header is added and sent over the wire; otherwise it is dropped (and logged at DEBUG level).

In Fuse Mediation Router 2.0 the strategy for mapping header names has been changed to use the following replacement strategy:

  • Dots are replaced by _DOT_ and the replacement is reversed when Fuse Mediation Router consume the message

  • Hyphen is replaced by _HYPHEN_ and the replacement is reversed when Fuse Mediation Router consumes the message

You can configure many different properties on the JMS endpoint which map to properties on the JMSConfiguration POJO. Note: Many of these properties map to properties on Spring JMS, which Fuse Mediation Router uses for sending and receiving messages. So you can get more information about these properties by consulting the relevant Spring documentation.

Option Default Value Description
acceptMessagesWhileStopping false Specifies whether the consumer accept messages while it is stopping.
acknowledgementMode -1 The JMS acknowledgement mode defined as an Integer. Allows you to set vendor-specific extensions to the acknowledgment mode. For the regular modes, it is preferable to use the acknowledgementModeName instead.
alwaysCopyMessage false If true, Fuse Mediation Router will always make a JMS message copy of the message when it is passed to the producer for sending. Copying the message is needed in some situations, such as when a replyToDestinationSelectorName is set (incidentally, Fuse Mediation Router will set the alwaysCopyMessage option to true, if a replyToDestinationSelectorName is set)
autoStartup true Specifies whether the consumer container should auto-startup.
cacheLevelName - Sets the cache level by name for the underlying JMS resources. Possible values are: CACHE_AUTO, CACHE_CONNECTION, CACHE_CONSUMER, CACHE_NONE, and CACHE_SESSION. See the Spring documentation and see the warning above. The default setting is CACHE_CONSUMER for Camel 2.7.1 or older. Camel 2.8 uses CACHE_AUTO as default value.
cacheLevel - Sets the cache level by ID for the underlying JMS resources. See cacheLevelName option for more details.
clientId null Sets the JMS client ID to use. Note that this value, if specified, must be unique and can only be used by a single JMS connection instance. It is typically only required for durable topic subscriptions. You may prefer to use Virtual Topics instead.
consumerType Default The consumer type to use, which can be one of: Simple, Default or ServerSessionPool. The consumer type determines which Spring JMS listener to use. Default will use org.springframework.jms.listener.DefaultMessageListenerContainer, Simple will use org.springframework.jms.listener.SimpleMessageListenerContainer, and ServerSessionPool will use org.springframework.jms.listener.serversession.ServerSessionMessageListenerContainer. If the option, useVersion102=true, Camel will use the JMS 1.0.2 Spring classes instead. ServerSessionPool is @deprecated and will be removed in Camel 2.0. This option has been removed from Camel 2.7 onwards.
concurrentConsumers 1 Specifies the default number of concurrent consumers.
connectionFactory null The default JMS connection factory to use for the listenerConnectionFactory and templateConnectionFactory, if neither is specified.
deliveryPersistent true Specifies whether persistent delivery is used by default.
destination null Fuse Mediation Router 2.0: Specifies the JMS Destination object to use on this endpoint.
destinationName null Fuse Mediation Router 2.0: Specifies the JMS destination name to use on this endpoint.
destinationResolver null A pluggable that allows you to use your own resolver (for example, to lookup the real destination in a JNDI registry).
disableReplyTo false If true, ignore the JMSReplyTo header and so treat messages as InOnly by default and do not send a reply back.
durableSubscriptionName null The durable subscriber name for specifying durable topic subscriptions. The clientId option must be configured as well.
disableTimeToLive false Camel 2.8: Use this option to force disabling time to live. For example when you do request/reply over JMS, then Camel will by default use the requestTimeout value as time to live on the message being send. The problem is that the sender and receiver systems have to have their clocks synchronized, so they are in sync. This is not always so easy to archive. So you can use disableTimeToLive=true to not set a time to live value on the send message. Then the message will not expire on the receiver system. See below in section About time to live for more details.
eagerLoadingOfProperties false Enables eager loading of JMS properties as soon as a message is received, which is generally inefficient, because the JMS properties might not be required. But this feature can sometimes catch early any issues with the underlying JMS provider and the use of JMS properties. This feature can also be used for testing purposes, to ensure JMS properties can be understood and handled correctly.
forceSendOriginalMessage false Camel 2.7: When using mapJmsMessage=false Camel will create a new JMS message to send to a new JMS destination if you touch the headers (get or set) during the route. Set this option to true to force Camel to send the original JMS message that was received.
exceptionListener null Specifies the JMS Exception Listener that is to be notified of any underlying JMS exceptions.
explicitQosEnabled false Set if the deliveryMode, priority or timeToLive qualities of service should be used when sending messages. This option is based on Spring's JmsTemplate. The deliveryMode, priority and timeToLive options are applied to the current endpoint. This contrasts with the preserveMessageQos option, which operates at message granularity, reading QoS properties exclusively from the Fuse Mediation Router In message headers.
exposeListenerSession true Specifies whether the listener session should be exposed when consuming messages.
idleTaskExecutionLimit 1 Specifies the limit for idle executions of a receive task, not having received any message within its execution. If this limit is reached, the task will shut down and leave receiving to other executing tasks (in the case of dynamic scheduling; see the maxConcurrentConsumers setting).
jmsMessageType null Fuse Mediation Router 2.0: Allows you to force the use of a specific javax.jms.Message implementation for sending JMS messages. Possible values are: Bytes, Map, Object, Stream, Text. By default, Fuse Mediation Router would determine which JMS message type to use from the In body type. This option allows you to specify it.
jmsKeyFormatStrategy default Fuse Mediation Router 2.0: Pluggable strategy for encoding and decoding JMS keys so they can be compliant with the JMS specification. Fuse Mediation Router provides two implementations out of the box: default and passthrough. The default strategy will safely marshal dots and hyphens (. and -). The passthrough strategy leaves the key as is. Can be used for JMS brokers which do not care whether JMS header keys contain illegal characters. You can provide your own implementation of the org.apache.camel.component.jms.JmsKeyFormatStrategy and refer to it using the # notation.
jmsOperations null Allows you to use your own implementation of the org.springframework.jms.core.JmsOperations interface. Fuse Mediation Router uses JmsTemplate as default. Can be used for testing purpose, but not used much as stated in the spring API docs.
lazyCreateTransactionManager true Fuse Mediation Router 2.0: If true, Fuse Mediation Router will create a JmsTransactionManager, if there is no transactionManager injected when option transacted=true.
listenerConnectionFactory null The JMS connection factory used for consuming messages.
mapJmsMessage true Fuse Mediation Router 1.6.2/2.0: Specifies whether Fuse Mediation Router should auto map the received JMS message to an appropiate payload type, such as javax.jms.TextMessage to a String etc. See section about how mapping works below for more details.
maxConcurrentConsumers 1 Specifies the maximum number of concurrent consumers.
maxMessagesPerTask -1 The number of messages per task. -1 is unlimited.
messageConverter null Fuse Mediation Router 1.6.2/2.0: To use a custom Spring so you can be 100% in control how to map to/from a javax.jms.Message.
messageIdEnabled true When sending, specifies whether message IDs should be added. The message IDs are generated using the UUID generator registered with the CamelContext—for details, see Built-In UUID Generators in Programing EIP Components.
messageTimestampEnabled true Specifies whether timestamps should be enabled by default on sending messages.
password null The password for the connector factory.
priority 4 Values greater than 1 specify the message priority when sending (where 0 is the lowest priority and 9 is the highest). The explicitQosEnabled option must also be enabled in order for this option to have any effect.
pubSubNoLocal false Specifies whether to inhibit the delivery of messages published by its own connection.
receiveTimeout None The timeout for receiving messages (in milliseconds).
recoveryInterval 5000 Specifies the interval between recovery attempts, in milliseconds. The default is 5000 ms, that is, 5 seconds.
preserveMessageQos false Camel 2.0: Set to true, if you want to send message using the QoS settings specified on the message, instead of the QoS settings on the JMS endpoint. The following three headers are considered JMSPriority, JMSDeliveryMode, and JMSExpiration. You can provide all or only some of them. If not provided, Camel will fall back to use the values from the endpoint instead. So, when using this option, the headers override the values from the endpoint. The explicitQosEnabled option, by contrast, will only use options set on the endpoint, and not values from the message header.
replyTo null Provides an explicit ReplyTo destination, which overrides any incoming value of Message.getJMSReplyTo(). If you do Request Reply over JMS then read the section further below for more details.
replyToDestinationSelectorName null Sets the JMS Selector using the fixed name to be used so you can filter out your own replies from the others when using a shared queue (that is, if you are not using a temporary reply queue).
replyToDeliveryPersistent true Specifies whether to use persistent delivery by default for replies.
requestTimeout 20000 The timeout for waiting for a reply when using the InOut Exchange Pattern (in milliseconds). The default is 20 seconds. See below in section About time to live for more details.
selector null Sets the JMS Selector, which is an SQL 92 predicate that is used to filter messages within the broker. You may have to encode special characters such as = as %3D
subscriptionDurable false @deprecated: Enabled by default, if you specify a durableSubscriberName and a clientId.
taskExecutor null Allows you to specify a custom task executor for consuming messages.
taskExecutorSpring2 null To use when using Spring 2.x with Camel. Allows you to specify a custom task executor for consuming messages.
templateConnectionFactory null The JMS connection factory used for sending messages.
timeToLive null When sending messages, specifies the time-to-live of the message (in milliseconds). The explicitQosEnabled option must also be enabled in order for this option to have any effect.
transacted false Specifies whether to use transacted mode for sending/receiving messages using the InOnly Exchange Pattern. See the section Enabling Transacted Consumption for more details.
transactedInOut false @deprecated: Specifies whether to use transacted mode for sending messages using the InOut Exchange Pattern. Applies only to producer endpoints. See section Enabling Transacted Consumption for more details.
transactionManager null The Spring transaction manager to use.
transactionName null The name of the transaction to use.
transactionTimeout null The timeout value of the transaction, if using transacted mode.
transferException false Camel 2.0: If enabled and you are using Request Reply messaging (InOut) and an Exchange failed on the consumer side, then the caused Exception will be send back in response as a javax.jms.ObjectMessage. If the client is Camel, the returned Exception is rethrown. This allows you to use Camel JMS as a bridge in your routing - for example, using persistent queues to enable robust routing. Notice that if you also have transferExchange enabled, this option takes precedence. The caught exception is required to be serializable. The original Exception on the consumer side can be wrapped in an outer exception such as org.apache.camel.RuntimeCamelException when returned to the producer.
transferExchange false Fuse Mediation Router 2.0: You can transfer the exchange over the wire instead of just the body and headers. The following fields are transferred: In body, Out body, Fault body, In headers, Out headers, Fault headers, exchange properties, exchange exception. This requires that the objects are serializable. Fuse Mediation Router will exclude any non-serializable objects and log it at WARN level.
username null The username for the connector factory.
useMessageIDAsCorrelationID false Specifies whether JMSMessageID should always be used as JMSCorrelationID for InOut messages.
useVersion102 false @deprecated (removed from Camel 2.5 onwards): Specifies whether the old JMS API should be used.

Fuse Mediation Router automatically maps messages between javax.jms.Message and org.apache.camel.Message.

When sending a JMS message, Fuse Mediation Router converts the message body to the following JMS message types:

Body Type JMS Message Comment
String javax.jms.TextMessage
org.w3c.dom.Node javax.jms.TextMessage The DOM will be converted to String.
Map javax.jms.MapMessage javax.jms.ObjectMessage
byte[] javax.jms.BytesMessage javax.jms.BytesMessage javax.jms.BytesMessage javax.jms.BytesMessage
java.nio.ByteBuffer javax.jms.BytesMessage

When receiving a JMS message, Fuse Mediation Router converts the JMS message to the following body type:

JMS Message Body Type
javax.jms.TextMessage String
javax.jms.BytesMessage byte[]
javax.jms.MapMessage Map<String, Object>
javax.jms.ObjectMessage Object

The exchange that is sent over the JMS wire must conform to the JMS Message spec.

For the the following rules apply for the header keys:

  • Keys starting with JMS or JMSX are reserved.

  • keys must be literals and all be valid Java identifiers (do not use dots in the key name).

  • From Fuse Mediation Router 1.4 until Fuse Mediation Router 1.6.x, Fuse Mediation Router automatically replaces all dots with underscores in key names. This replacement is reversed when Fuse Mediation Router consumes JMS messages.

  • From Fuse Mediation Router 2.0 onwards, Fuse Mediation Router replaces dots & hyphens and the reverse when when consuming JMS messages:. is replaced by _DOT_ and the reverse replacement when Fuse Mediation Router consumes the message.- is replaced by _HYPHEN_ and the reverse replacement when Fuse Mediation Router consumes the message.

  • See also the option jmsKeyFormatStrategy introduced in Fuse Mediation Router 2.0, which allows you to use your own custom strategy for formatting keys.

For the, the following rules apply for the header values:

  • The values must be primitives or their counter objects (such as Integer, Long, Character). The types, String, CharSequence, Date, BigDecimal and BigInteger are all converted to their toString() representation. All other types are dropped.

Fuse Mediation Router will log with category org.apache.camel.component.jms.JmsBinding at DEBUG level if it drops a given header value. For example:

2008-07-09 06:43:04,046 [main           ] DEBUG JmsBinding
  - Ignoring non primitive header: order of class: org.apache.camel.component.jms.issues.DummyOrder with value: DummyOrder{orderId=333, itemId=4444, quantity=2}

Fuse Mediation Router adds the following properties to the Exchange when it receives a message:

Property Type Description
org.apache.camel.jms.replyDestination javax.jms.Destination The reply destination.

Fuse Mediation Router adds the following JMS properties to the In message headers when it receives a JMS message:

Header Type Description
JMSCorrelationID String The JMS correlation ID.
JMSDeliveryMode int The JMS delivery mode.
JMSDestination javax.jms.Destination The JMS destination.
JMSExpiration long The JMS expiration.
JMSMessageID String The JMS unique message ID.
JMSPriority int The JMS priority (with 0 as the lowest priority and 9 as the highest).
JMSRedelivered boolean Is the JMS message redelivered.
JMSReplyTo javax.jms.Destination The JMS reply-to destination.
JMSTimestamp long The JMS timestamp.
JMSType String The JMS type.
JMSXGroupID String The JMS group ID.

As all the above information is standard JMS you can check the JMS documentation for further details.

The JmsProducer behaves as follows, depending on configuration:

Exchange Pattern Other options Description
InOut Fuse Mediation Router will expect a reply, set a temporary JMSReplyTo, and after sending the message, it will start to listen for the reply message on the temporary queue.
InOut JMSReplyTo is set Fuse Mediation Router will expect a reply and, after sending the message, it will start to listen for the reply message on the specified JMSReplyTo queue.
InOnly Fuse Mediation Router will send the message and not expect a reply.
InOnly JMSReplyTo is set

By default, Fuse Mediation Router suppresses the JMSReplyTo destination and clears the JMSReplyTo header before sending the message. Fuse Mediation Router then sends the message and does not expect a reply. Fuse Mediation Router logs this in the log at DEBUG level and you should see: DEBUG JmsProducer - Disabling JMSReplyTo as this Exchange is not OUT capable with JMSReplyTo: myReplyQueue to destination: myQueue.

If you want to leave the JMSReplyTo header in the outgoing message, you must set either preserveMessageQos=true or explicitQosEnabled=true. From Fuse Mediation Router 2.6 onwards, you can also populate the JMSReplyTo header by setting the replyTo option in the URI. For example, if you send a message to the jms:queue:Foo?replyTo=FooReply&preserveMessageQos=true URI, the JMSReplyTo header is included, even if the exchange is InOnly.

Available as of Fuse Mediation Router 1.6.2/2.0 If you need to send messages to a lot of different JMS destinations, it makes sense to reuse a JMS endpoint and specify the real destination in a message header. This allows Fuse Mediation Router to reuse the same endpoint, but send to different destinations. This greatly reduces the number of endpoints created and economizes on memory and thread resources.

You can specify the destination in the following headers:

Header Type Description
CamelJmsDestination javax.jms.Destination Fuse Mediation Router 2.0: A destination object.
CamelJmsDestinationName String Fuse Mediation Router 1.6.2/2.0: The destination name.

For example, the following route shows how you can compute a destination at run time and use it to override the destination appearing in the JMS URL:


The queue name, dummy, is just a placeholder. It must be provided as part of the JMS endpoint URL, but it will be ignored in this example.

In the computeDestination bean, specify the real destination by setting the CamelJmsDestinationName header as follows:

public void setJmsHeader(Exchange exchange) {
   String id = ....
   exchange.getIn().setHeader("CamelJmsDestinationName", "order:" + id");

Then Fuse Mediation Router will read this header and use it as the destination instead of the one configured on the endpoint. So, in this example Fuse Mediation Router sends the message to activemq:queue:order:2, assuming the id value was 2.

If both the CamelJmsDestination and the CamelJmsDestinationName headers are set, CamelJmsDestination takes priority.

You can configure your JMS provider in Spring XML as follows:

<camelContext id="camel" xmlns="">
    <jmxAgent id="agent" disabled="true"/>

<bean id="activemq" class="org.apache.activemq.camel.component.ActiveMQComponent">
  <property name="connectionFactory">
    <bean class="org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnectionFactory">
      <property name="brokerURL" value="vm://localhost?broker.persistent=false&roker.useJmx=false"/>

Basically, you can configure as many JMS component instances as you wish and give them a unique name using the id attribute. The preceding example configures an activemq component. You could do the same to configure MQSeries, TibCo, BEA, Sonic and so on.

Once you have a named JMS component, you can then refer to endpoints within that component using URIs. For example for the component name, activemq, you can then refer to destinations using the URI format, activemq:[queue:|topic:]destinationName. You can use the same approach for all other JMS providers.

This works by the SpringCamelContext lazily fetching components from the spring context for the scheme name you use for Endpoint URIs and having the Component resolve the endpoint URIs.

See this link at nabble for details of how a Fuse Mediation Router user configured JMS to connect to remote WebSphere MQ brokers.

When doing messaging between systems, its desirable that the systems have synchronized clocks. For example when sending a JMS message, then you can set a time to live value on the message. Then the receiver can inspect this value, and determine if the message is already expired, and thus drop the message instead of consume and process it. However this requires that both sender and receiver have synchronized clocks. If you are using ActiveMQ then you can use the timestamp plugin to synchronize clocks.

Read first above about synchronized clocks.

When you do request/reply (InOut) over JMS with Camel then Camel uses a timeout on the sender side, which is default 20 seconds from the requestTimeout option. You can control this by setting a higher/lower value. However the time to live value is still set on the JMS message being send. So that requires the clocks to be synchronized between the systems. If they are not, then you may want to disable the time to live value being set. This is now possible using the disableTimeToLive option from Camel 2.8 onwards. So if you set this option to disableTimeToLive=true, then Camel does not set any time to live value when sending JMS messages. But the request timeout is still active. So for example if you do request/reply over JMS and have disabled time to live, then Camel will still use a timeout by 20 seconds (the requestTimeout option). That option can of course also be configured. So the two options requestTimeout and disableTimeToLive gives you fine grained control when doing request/reply.

When you do fire and forget (InOut) over JMS with Camel then Camel by default does not set any time to live value on the message. You can configure a value by using the timeToLive option. For example to indicate a 5 sec., you set timeToLive=5000. The option disableTimeToLive can be used to force disabling the time to live, also for InOnly messaging. The requestTimeout option is not being used for InOnly messaging.

Avaiable as of Fuse Mediation Router 2.0

When using Fuse Mediation Router as a JMS listener, it sets an Exchange property with the value of the ReplyTo javax.jms.Destination object, having the key ReplyTo. You can obtain this Destination as follows:

Destination replyDestination = exchange.getIn().getHeader(JmsConstants.JMS_REPLY_DESTINATION, Destination.class);

And then later use it to send a reply using regular JMS or Fuse Mediation Router.

    // we need to pass in the JMS component, and in this sample we use ActiveMQ
    JmsEndpoint endpoint = JmsEndpoint.newInstance(replyDestination, activeMQComponent);
    // now we have the endpoint we can use regular Fuse Mediation Router API to send a message to it
    template.sendBody(endpoint, "Here is the late reply.");

A different solution to sending a reply is to provide the replyDestination object in the same Exchange property when sending. Fuse Mediation Router will then pick up this property and use it for the real destination. The endpoint URI must include a dummy destination, however. For example:

    // we pretend to send it to some non existing dummy queue
    template.send("activemq:queue:dummy, new Processor() {
        public void process(Exchange exchange) throws Exception {
            // and here we override the destination with the ReplyTo destination object so the message is sent to there instead of dummy
            exchange.getIn().setHeader(JmsConstants.JMS_DESTINATION, replyDestination);
            exchange.getIn().setBody("Here is the late reply.");

In the sample below we send a Request Reply style message Exchange (we use the requestBody method = InOut) to the slow queue for further processing in Camel and we wait for a return reply:

// send a in-out with a timeout for 5 sec
Object out = template.requestBody("activemq:queue:slow?requestTimeout=5000", "Hello World");

Fuse Mediation Router also has annotations so you can use POJO Consuming and POJO Producing.

Available as of Camel 2.0 Normally, when using JMS as the transport, it only transfers the body and headers as the payload. If you want to use JMS with a Dead Letter Channel, using a JMS queue as the Dead Letter Queue, then normally the caused Exception is not stored in the JMS message. You can, however, use the transferExchange option on the JMS dead letter queue to instruct Camel to store the entire Exchange in the queue as a javax.jms.ObjectMessage that holds a org.apache.camel.impl.DefaultExchangeHolder. This allows you to consume from the Dead Letter Queue and retrieve the caused exception from the Exchange property with the key Exchange.EXCEPTION_CAUGHT. The demo below illustrates this:

// setup error handler to use JMS as queue and store the entire Exchange

Then you can consume from the JMS queue and analyze the problem:


// and in our bean
String body = exchange.getIn().getBody();
Exception cause = exchange.getProperty(Exchange.EXCEPTION_CAUGHT, Exception.class);
// the cause message is
String problem = cause.getMessage();

You can use JMS to store the cause error message or to store a custom body, which you can initialize yourself. The following example uses the Message Translator EIP to do a transformation on the failed exchange before it is moved to the JMS dead letter queue:

// we sent it to a seda dead queue first

// and on the seda dead queue we can do the custom transformation before its sent to the JMS queue

Here we only store the original cause error message in the transform. You can, however, use any Expression to send whatever you like. For example, you can invoke a method on a Bean or use a custom processor.

When sending to a JMS destination using camel-jms the producer will use the MEP to detect if its InOnly or InOut messaging. However there can be times where you want to send an InOnly message but keeping the JMSReplyTo header. To do so you have to instruct Camel to keep it, otherwise the JMSReplyTo header will be dropped.

For example to send an InOnly message to the foo queue, but with a JMSReplyTo with bar queue you can do as follows:

      template.send("activemq:queue:foo?preserveMessageQos=true", new Processor() {
      public void process(Exchange exchange) throws Exception {
      exchange.getIn().setHeader("JMSReplyTo", "bar");

Notice we use preserveMessageQos=true to instruct Camel to keep the JMSReplyTo header.

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